Commentary on verse 41 of chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita by Dr.Raju

TEXT 41
vyavasayatmika buddhir ekeha kuru-nandana bahu-sakha hy anantas ca buddhayo ‘vyavasayinam
SYNONYMS
vyavasaya-atmika–resolute Krsna consciousness; buddhih–intelligence; eka–only one; iha–in this world; kuru-nandana–O beloved child of the Kurus; bahu-sakhah–various branches; hi–indeed; anantah–unlimited; ca–also; buddhayah–intelligence; avyavasayinam–of those who are not in pure consciousness.
TRANSLATION
Oh Arjuna, on the path of liberation a mind which is determined is whole whereas a mind with desires is fragmented.

Commentary by the Author:

Mind’s function is to observe. Mind is there, the thing to be observed is there but mind does not observe because it is lost in ideas and it goes on translating the thing to be observed according to its conditioning. This translating habit prevents the mind from observing the thing. Even physical eyes do not see the thing put before them and confuse the thing for some other when they are not connected to an attentive mind. Similarly when the mind is not connected to awareness it is connected to past memories, ideas, beliefs etc and such a mind goes on translating the issue put before it instead of seeing it “as it is”. Observing mind is whole, unitary whereas translating mind is fragmentary. Action based on idea is action based on choice, of confusion, is not liberating and on the contrary creates further resistance and conflict. At present Arjuna’s mind is fragmented and he translating the challenge according to the conditioning and so getting confused landing in conflict. In conflict there can be no understanding. One has to be aware of the process of conditioning without condemnation or justification. Then only mind becomes unitary, tranquil, silent and action is possible only from such a mind. If the conditioning is not understood the process of thinking is just a process of escape which is quite obvious in Arjuna’s case. In split mind man’s intelligence is divided into many fragments which are opposite to one another. When conflicting desires arise all at once mind becomes split into many fragments. Our mind is attached to many different objects which are in conflict with one another. This creates a fragmented mind. On the path of Nishkama karma desires begin to disappear and also the fragments which are created by those desires begin to disappear. Fragmentation is a by product of expectation and when we live a life without expectation an integrated mind is born and such one is unipsychic. Then there is peace, happiness, energy, beauty and all these are lost if mind is fragmented. A mind which pursues objects simply runs in different directions and so restless. There is peace only when the mind stops running. Whenever the mind is integrated and whole there is intelligence and peace. A mind that is integrated and whole is resolute, only a split mind wavers. The decisions taken by split mind are not definitive, they are like parliamentary decisions with majority vote but there is a realization that there is a contradictory voice inside. On the path of Nishkama karma the individual experiences definitive intelligence and he has no expectations and his mind does not go astray in the material world. He understands that desires are meaningless. He lives in the present moment and he is not interested in the outcome of action which does not mean that he is irresponsible, he is not bothered about the future.
He does not need to do anything.

Bhagavad Gita

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